Ecotourism or green tourism is a form of sustainable tourism, focused on the discovery of nature (ecosystems, but also agro-ecosystems and rural tourism) or urban ecology (ecological gardens, green spaces, urban nature reserves and other topics in the field of urban ecology).
Born more than thirty years ago, the term ecotourism itself is recent. Defined in the TIES (The International Ecotourism Society) in 1990 - " Ecotourism is the responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people."
It involves travel of landscapes or enjoying species (e.g. lions or elephants in Kenya, observation and / or study of birds or whales), while respecting the ecosystems or helping to restore them, in a voluntary approach, which also seeks to reduce the environmental footprint.
Ecotourism is prevalent across both underdeveloped as well as developed tourism countries such as France and Australia. In fact the French Ecotourism Association has defended this concept since 2005.